Main Scientific Directions

At present, the Institute conducts both fundamental and applied research aimed at solving of top-priority scientific problems and practical issues related to social and economic development of Siberia and of the entire Russian Federation; its main research areas focusing on:

  • sedimentary basins: their formation and structure patterns; the theory of oil generation (naphthide genesis);
  • the structure of the Earth's crust and mantle; geophysical fields; active geodynamics; seismology;
  • global and regional stratigraphy; biogeochronology and ecosystem changes in the Proterozoic-Phanerozoic history of sedimentary basins;
  • oil-gas fields and coal deposits, their distribution; strategic development issues in the fuel-energy complex;
  • geophysical and geochemical methods in petroleum prospecting and exploration: the theory, techniques, mathematical support and software, information and measuring systems, tools and equipment.

More specific studies within the fra-mework of IPGG's main research fields encompass issues related to:

  • oil generation and its evolution in the Earth's history, global and regional patterns of oil and gas fields distribution; organic geochemistry;
  • integrated studies of sedimentary basins, comprising: composition, evolution, and chronology of biota in the Precambrian and Phanerozoic basins, with implications for evolution of biosphere; stratigraphic charts of different scales; stratigraphy of petroleum basins;
  • regional geology and tectonics; sedimentology; paleogeography; geothermics;
  • lithospheric structure, nature of seismicity, geodynamics, and interaction among the earth's spheres;
  • developing a theoretical basis for geophysical and geochemical exploration techniques;
  • mineral resource issues of economic geology and technologies for prospecting and exploration of mineral fuels, including appraisal of oil, gas, and coal resources of the Russian Federation; predicting key areas that are likely to impact the oil and gas industry development in Siberia and its role in Russia's fuel-energy complex; theoretical background for innovative petroleum prediction methods and exploration technologies;
  • multi-component seismic in micro- heterogeneous and fluid-saturated media;
  • petrophysics; petrophysical and other studies of drill cores;
  • collection and storage of geological samples, including drill cores;
  • geophysical and geochemical monitoring of natural and manmade objects and ongoing processes;
  • precise gravity, tilt, and geodetic surveys;
  • engineering geology and geophysics;
  • oilfield and well logging geophysics;
  • paleomagnetism and rock magnetism;
  • physical principles of wave methods in introscopy;
  • methods for substance and elemental analyses of rocks (in addition to chemical composition analysis); implementation of research and development programs for geophysical, geochemical, environmental, and information-measuring systems and instruments;
  • electrodynamics in geological media;
  • resources, dynamics, and conservation of groundwater; history of water-fluid-rock-organic matter systems in the sedimentary basins of Siberia; hydrogeology;
  • providing a theoretical substantiation of and methods and hardware-soft- ware tools for specific problems.