Narrow-angle representations of the phase and group velocities and their applications in anisotropic velocity-model building for microseismic monitoring
статья в журнале
(ИНГГ СО РАН)
дата публикации: 2011
It is usually believed that angular aperture of seismic data should be at least 20° to allow estimation of the subsurface anisotropy. Although this is certainly true for reflection data, for which anisotropy parameters are inverted from the stacking velocities or the nonhyperbolic moveout, traveltimes of direct P- and S-waves recorded in typical downhole microseismic geometries make it possible to infer seismic anisotropy in angular apertures as narrow as about 10°. To ensure the uniqueness of such an inversion, it has to be performed in a local coordinate frame tailored to a particular data set. Because any narrow fan of vectors is naturally characterized by its average direction, we choose the axes of the local frame to coincide with the polarization vectors of three plane waves corresponding to such a direction.