Hydrogeochemistry of authigenic mineral formation in Upper Jurassic sediments (the Nadym-Taz interfluve area, Arctic regions of Western Siberia)

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Авторы: Novikov D.A.   (ИНГГ СО РАН)  
дата публикации: 2013
This paper presents a novel numerical modelling approach to physicochemical evolution of water rock interactions in Upper Jurassic sediments in the NadymTaz interfluve (Arctic regions of Western Siberia). The results show that the authigenic mineral formation proceeds continuously and strictly successively (kaolinite montmorillonite illite mica chlorite albite microcline), involving definite geochemical parameters of the medium (pH, concentrations of SiO2, Al, Na, K, Ca, Mg in solution). For example, the widely spread kaolinite cement forms in the medium with near neutral pH (on average, aH = 7.2) with silica concentration in solution 1520 mg/dm3, while the formation of authigenic illite begins at silica concentration of 2540 mg/dm3 and pH about 7.37.4. Despite rather low salinity (up to 63 g/dm3) of the investigated groundwater and long-term interaction of water with the rocks (spanning ca. 165 Ma), the equilibrium with primary (endogenous) minerals such as albite, anorthite, microcline is practically unobserved. At the same time, the groundwater is in equilibrium with mica, illite, Ca, Na and Mgmontmorillonites, kaolinite, more rarely with Mgchlorite. The state of groundwater equilibrium with primary aluminosilicate minerals is always challenged by a carbonate barrier, so rocks carbonatization in various degree is observed almost everywhere.
первоисточник: Applied Geochemistry
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