The Itmurundy Accretionary Complex, Northern Balkhash Area: Geological Structure, Stratigraphy and Tectonic Origin
статья в журнале
(ИНГГ СО РАН)
дата публикации: 2019
The Itmurundy zone of the northern Balkhash area is a Pacific-type orogenic belt. It possesses a complex geological structure and hosts rocks of mantle, accretionary and post-orogenic associations. The volcanic and sedimentary rocks of the accretionary association belong to three suites: Itmurundy (O1-2), Kazyk (O2-3) and Tyuretai (O3-S1). The suites are separated by tectonic unconformities or faults of three orders: 1) large regional faults; 2) medium faults separating mantle and oceanic accreted rocks; 3) small faults separating packages consisting of oceanic sediments. The Itmurundy Fm. (O1-2) is the most lithologically variable consisting of oceanic basalt, pelagic chert, hemipelagic siliceous mudstone and siltstone, and trench greywacke sandstone. The packages, each consisting of chert-siliceous mudstone, are separated from each other by 2nd and 3rd order faults of probably thrust nature, i.e. they are parts of duplex structures. The presence of duplex structures and the high degree of deformation of Itmurundy Fm. rocks are typical of accretionary complexes. The associations of volcanic and sedimentary rocks under study represent a full section of oceanic plate stratigraphy (OPS): basalt (MORB, OIB)-chert (pelagic)-siliceous mudstone, siltstone and shale (hemipelagic)-trench sandstones (greywacke). The structural position and the lithology of Itmurundy rocks accord well with the model of formation of accretionary complexes at Pacific-type convergent margins, in particular, those in the western Pacific.
первоисточник: Russian Journal of Pacific Geology