Carbon and nitrogen pools in thermokarst-affected permafrost landscapes in Arctic Siberia
статья в журнале
(ИНГГ СО РАН)
дата публикации: 2018
Ice-rich yedoma-dominated landscapes store considerable amounts of organic carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) and are vulnerable to degradation under climate warming. We investigate the C and N pools in two thermokarst-affected yedoma landscapes -on Sobo-Sise Island and on Bykovsky Peninsula in the north of eastern Siberia. Soil cores up to 3g€m depth were collected along geomorphic gradients and analysed for organic C and N contents. A high vertical sampling density in the profiles allowed the calculation of C and N stocks for short soil column intervals and enhanced understanding of within-core parameter variability. Profile-level C and N stocks were scaled to the landscape level based on landform classifications from 5g€m resolution, multispectral RapidEye satellite imagery. Mean landscape C and N storage in the first metre of soil for Sobo-Sise Island is estimated to be 20.2g€kg Cg€mg'2 and 1.8g€kgg€Ng€mg'2 and for Bykovsky Peninsula 25.9g€kg Cg€mg'2 and 2.2g€kgg€Ng€mg'2. Radiocarbon dating demonstrates the Holocene age of thermokarst basin deposits but also suggests the presence of thick Holocene-age cover layers which can reach up to 2g€m on top of intact yedoma landforms. Reconstructed sedimentation rates of 0.10-0.57g€mmg€yrg'1 suggest sustained mineral soil accumulation across all investigated landforms. Both yedoma and thermokarst landforms are characterized by limited accumulation of organic soil layers (peat). We further estimate that an active layer deepening of about 100g€cm will increase organic C availability in a seasonally thawed state in the two study areas by g1/4 g€5.8g€Tg (13.2g€kg Cg€mg'2). Our study demonstrates the importance of increasing the number of C and N storage inventories in ice-rich yedoma and thermokarst environments in order to account for high variability of permafrost and thermokarst environments in pan-permafrost soil C and N pool estimates.